15+ Most Popular Carpet Plants For Planted Aquariums

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You are finding some carpet plants for the foreground of your planted tank and you are standing in the right place. I have put together a list of over fifteen different short aquarium plants that are suitable for creating a beautiful carpet. Each plant is listed with a short description to help you to quickly understand the plants to make the best choice. Now, let’s start with the easy-to-grow carpet plants at the top and advanced caring ones at the later sections of the list.

15+ Most Popular Carpet Plants For Planted Aquariums

1. Dwarf Four Leaf Clover – Marsilea Hirsuta

Highlights

  • Common names: water clover, dwarf four leaf
  • cloverUsage: carpet, foreground, nano planted
  • tankDifficulty: easy
  • Growth: Medium 
  • Height: 2+ inches (5+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low

The emersed form features four-leaf clover leaves, hence its common names. Once submerged, the clover shape of the leaves will be replaced by a cute oval. Soon after planting, round leaves will form along a creeping rhizome. The shape of submerged leaves likes that of Glossostigma making it a wonderful alternative to Glossostigma elatinoides as it is managed a lot more easily than Glossostigma.


Water clover is suitable to create a low carpet in a nano planted tank. It is very low demanding and can live happily under most conditions. It requires low light and does well under other plants. Briefly, it is very easy to care for and use.

2. Java Moss – Taxiphyllum Barbieri

Highlights

  • Synonym: Vesicularia dubyana
  • Type: moss
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low

This is a lovely and hardy moss for all kinds of aquascapes and a wide range of conditions. It is easy to use and maintain compared to other moss types for planted aquariums. Java moss is commonly prepared by attaching to driftwood, rocks, decorations or moss pads that are then placed in intended positions in the aquascape.


If you want a moss carpet in the foreground, just buy some already prepared moss mats and place them directly on the substrate. You can also prepare Java moss by yourself. Just attach a thin layer of Java moss to a moss pad, driftwood, rocks, or decorations and tie it with fishing line or cotton thread.

Grow Beautifuly - Recommended
  • Easy to Grow
  • High technology
  • Real Java Moss

3. Staurogyne Repens

Highlights

  • Usage: carpet, foreground, midground
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low

Staurogyne repens is very suitable as a groundcover or medium bush. This plant is neither difficult nor demanding. Its medium growth and very dense leafy texture make this plant an ideal candidate for the foreground in any kind of aquarium. It is recommendable to prune individual shoots regularly in order to keep it confined to its spot without necessitating more drastic measures.

Fast Growing - Recommended
  • Propagates easily on gravel and will form a green carpet
  • Perfect for any size aquarium
  • Makes Tanks  Stand out

4. Pellia Moss – Monosolenium Tenerum

Highlights

  • Type: moss
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low

This is also an easy-to-care liverwort for planted aquariums. Just place it directly on the substrate and it will form a beautiful bright green cushion which looks like a giant Riccia fluitans but a lot thicker. You can also use it with driftwood, stones, or moss mats as other aquatic moss. Besides the beautiful appearance, it provides a great hiding place for fry and baby shrimps that are easy to be eaten by larger fish.

Low Maintenance - Recommended
  • Recommended for shrimps and fish as they love to seek shelter
  • Able to withstand a great variety of water conditions
  • No carbon dioxide injection required for healthy growth

5. Dwarf Hairgrass – Eleocharis Parvula

Highlights

eleocharis-parvula.jpg
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Position: carpet
  • Growth: fast
  • Height: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: low
  • Propagation: runners

This is a low-demanding hair grass for foreground carpeting. It produces an image of a fresh grass field in the foreground or small pots where it is placed. Planted in small clumps, it will soon start to spread to form a green carpet across the front of the aquarium rooting firmly in the substrate. Medium lighting is required to maintain the short and bright green form of Dwarf hairgrass for a beautiful carpet.


Dwarf hairgrass is very easy to plant and maintain. If it seems too tall for the layout composition, it is possible to keep it relatively short by repeated, frequent pruning.

Low Maintenance - Recommended
  • Live Aquarium Plant
  • High quality technology
  • Fantastic Quality

6. Dwarf Hairgrass – Eleochalis Acicularis

Highlights

hairgrass carpet plant
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Position: carpet
  • Growth: slow
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: medium

This type of hairgrass is a bit harder to grow than the previous. It is hard to distinguish between them by your eyes because of their similar appearance. However, Eleochalis acicularis is shorter than Eleochalis parvula making it ideal for nano planted tanks. It also needs less trimming than the dwarf hairgrass (Eleochalis parvula).

7. Pygmy Chain Sword – Echinodorus Tenellus

Highlights

  • Synonym: Echinodorus (Helanthium) tenellus, Helanthium tenellum
  • Common names: narrow leaf chain sword, pygmy chain sword
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Position: carpet, foreground
  • Growth: fastHeight: 3+ inches (7.6+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low
  • Propagation: runners

Pygmy chain sword is the smallest of the Echinodorus family and is a great aquarium plant for the foreground of your tank. It is ideal to make a grass-like lawn with this narrow leaf chain sword.


The young plants are sprouted from runners which push out under the gravel and will pop up and surprise you. After a period of planting, all the substrate is covered and the plant grows into a dense carpet. Despite its dense growth, it does not tend to compete for space as Glossostigma elatinoides does with several layers forming over time. This makes it an ideal, low-maintenance plant.

Natural Habitat - Recommended
  • Live Aquarium Plant
  • Make your fish tank look natural and beautiful
  • Create natural hiding place

8. Dwarf Sag – Sagittaria Subulata

Highlights

  • Common name: Dwarf Sag, Narrow Leaf Sag
  • Position: midground, carpet in large tanks
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: fast
  • Height: 2 – 12+ inches (5 – 30+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: medium
  • Propagation: runners

A bright color is added to the aquascape by having a clump of this plant around the sides of the driftwood where it usually gives a dim impression. Avoid planting this plant too densely as its leaves are thick and voluminous. It occasionally sends a long flower stem to the water surface which will produce small white flowers just above the surface.

Live Guaranteed - Recommended
  • Arrived in good condition
  • Great foreground Plant

9. Japanese Dwarf Pennywort – Hydrocotyle Tripartita

Highlights

  • Usage: carpet, foreground, midground
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Type: stem
  • Growth: fastHeight: 2+ inches (5+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: low

A bright color is added to the aquascape by having a clump of this plant around the sides of the driftwood where it usually gives a dim impression. Avoid planting this plant too densely as its leaves are thick and voluminous. It occasionally sends a long flower stem to the water surface which will produce small white flowers just above the surface.

Fast Growing- Recommended
  • Low spreading foreground plant.
  • Grown by using lastest technology and facility.

10. Whorled Marsh Pennywort – Hydrocotyle Verticillata

Highlights

  • Common names: whorled umbrella plant, whorled marsh pennywort
  • Usage: carpet, foreground, midground
  • Difficulty: advanced
  • Type: stemGrowth:
  • mediumHeight: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: high
  • CO2: medium

Naturally, Whorled marsh pennywort grows both as a bog plant and as a submerged plant in fast flowing rivers. It is the only species with umbrella-like leaves suitable to grow submerged. In a well-lit aquarium supplied with CO2, the plant forms a beautiful carpet about one and a half inches in height. Under poor light, it will grow taller and stringy.

Lively Plant- Recommended
  • The plant came in great shape, in plastic to keep moist.
  • They look like mushrooms or umbrellas. Very cute.

11. Glossostigma Elatinoides

Highlights

glossostigma elatinoides carpet
  • Difficulty: advanced
  • Position: carpet
  • Growth: fast
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: high
  • CO2: high

This versatile groundcover plant has spread to become a standard plant in both nature and Dutch style aquariums. It is not too difficult to grow if given good lighting. Once it has settled in, the Glossotigma will rapidly cover the entire foreground with a wonderful, green carpet of leaves. Growing upward instead of creeping sideways indicates insufficient light. In case of lack of nutrients, the leaves turn greenish yellow.

Extended Shelf Life- Recommended
  • Selective quality
  • Tissue Cultured Plant
  • adapt well in fish tank

12. Dwarf Baby Tear – Hemianthus Callitrichoides ‘Cuba’

Highlights

hemianthus-callitrichoides-cuba-grass-baby-tear.jpg
  • Other names: Cuba pearl grass, dwarf pearl grass, grass baby tears
  • Position: carpet, foreground
  • Difficulty: advanced
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: high
  • CO2: high

Dwarf baby tear is a really useful foreground plant if you want to fill the aquarium quickly. It can very quickly create a thick low green carpet that young fish will love. Simply divide the plant into small clumps when you get it, planting directly into the substrate and it will do the rest.

Extended Shelf Life- Great Value 
  • Selective quality
  • Tissue Cultured Plant
  • adapt well in fish tank

13. Moneywort – Bacopa Monnieri ‘Compact’

Highlights

bacopa-monnieri-compact
  • Usage: high carpet, foreground, midground
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: fast
  • Height: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: low
  • CO2: low

This is a very rewarding and easy to keep, yet beautiful plant. It is a very valuable species for almost all kinds of planting layout. This species will always retain its bright green color but will tend to grow more horizontally as light levels increase. Maintenance can be carried out every 4-5 weeks by either clipping off the tops (the lazy way) or by replanting whole shoots. The latter method is recommended as the replanted group will better keep a better appearance.

Safe plant for Pets- Great Value 
  • Provide Natural Habitat
  • Beautiful and worth the money
  • Easy plant to grow

14. Crystalwort – Riccia Fluitans

Highlights

  • Common names: Crystalwort, Riccia
  • Usage: carpet, foreground, midground, floating
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Type: moss
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: medium

Riccia is a floating liverwort but it can be submerged to make an attractive foreground plant. Like other aquatic mosses, this moss can be wrapped around stones or driftwood with fishing line to make it submerged and fixed in place. If weighed down, it can be made to grow as a carpet on the substrate or between rocks, giving a beautiful effect. Underwater, Riccia fluitans thrives best with added CO2 and medium lighting. It is very useful when breeding some fish, providing splendid shelter for the babies.

Tissue Cultured- Recommended
  • Ready to Grow
  • Safe for aquarium pets
  • Beautiful plant for tanks

15. Grass Leaved Bladderwort – Utricularia Graminifolia

Highlights

  • Usage: carpet
  • Difficulty: advanced
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 4+ inches (3 – 10+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: medium

This is an absolutely unique, very suitable groundcover for planted aquariums. It may take some time until rooted properly but will spread quickly and forms a striking, silky grass-like carpet once it has settled in. For planting, divide it into small clumps and pull them deeply into the substrate. It harmonizes perfectly with Glossostigma but takes care that both species do not grow into each other unless that’s what you want as an effect.

Healthy Plant- Highly Recommended
  • Great for foreground Zones
  • Safe for aquarium pets
  • No Pests

16. Micro Sword – Lilaeopsis Brasiliensis

Highlights

  • Usage: carpet, foreground
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Growth: slow
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: medium

Micro Sword is an easy to keep, grassy foreground plant. This plant is very slow growing and the initial density of planting has a significant impact on its subsequent appearance. It is usually used to create a green grass-like carpet in planted aquariums. Micro Sword also lives well in brackish aquariums with low salt concentrations and garden ponds.

Natural and Beautiful- Best Value
  • Natural resting and hiding place
  • Perfect for any size tanks
  • Full potted plant

17. Large Pearl Grass – Micranthemum ‘Monte Carlo’

Highlights

  • Common names: Monte Carlo, Large Pearl Grass
  • Usage: carpet
  • Difficulty: medium
  • Growth: medium
  • Height: 1.2 – 2+ inches (3 – 5+ cm)
  • Lighting: medium
  • CO2: medium

Monte Carlo is only 1.2-2 inches in height making it an ideal carpet plant for nano planted tanks. The large bright green leaves are easy to attract vision. Although the plant can grow in low light conditions, it is better to provide appropriate CO2 and lighting to keep its compact and attracting appearance.

Big Leaves- Best Value
  • Best quality
  • Great healthy plants
  • Low Maintenance

Affiliate links & Images from Amazon Product Advertising API. Last update on 2019-11-22.

Top Editor's Choice on Carpet Plant

SaleBestseller No. 1
SunGrow Aquarium Grass Seeds, 2 Ounce, Creates Lush Green Carpet Plant,...
CREATE A LUSH GREEN CARPET --- With proper care, plenty of light and nutrients, Glosso grass will remain short and compact, no more than half an inch high. It will create a beautiful lush green carpet over the floor of your aquarium. Take care to plant in the foreground of the aquarium.
SaleBestseller No. 2
Luffy Hair Grass Seeds, Mid or Foreground Tank Decor, Amphibious Carpet...
CREATE A LUSH CARPET IN TANK --- A beautiful coating or “carpet” effect to any tank never fails to impress. Planting YOUR Hairgrass Seeds by SunGrow will turn your tank into an adorable vivid lawn.
SaleBestseller No. 3
Aquarium Grass Plants Seeds,Aquatic Double Leaf Carpet Water...
Easy to plant & maintain,easy to care for and the seeds grow quickly.
SaleBestseller No. 4
Aquarium Grass Plants Seeds,Aquatic Leaf Carpet Water Grass,Oxygenating...
Easy to plant & maintain,easy to care for and the seeds grow quickly.
Bestseller No. 5
Micranthemum Monte Carlo New Large Pearl Grass Live Aquatic Plant in Tissue...
LIVE AQUATIC PLANT : Micranthemum Monte Carlo, alternative to Dwarf Baby Tears with brighter and bigger leaves. Become popular among aquarist.
Bestseller No. 6
SunGrow Aquarium Grass Seeds, Aquarium Carpet Plant, Creates a Natural...
CREATE A LUSH GREEN CARPET --- With proper care, plenty of light and nutrients, Glosso grass will remain short and compact, no more than half an inch high. It will create a beautiful lush green carpet over the floor of your aquarium. Take care to plant in the foreground of the aquarium.
Bestseller No. 7
3 Pack Water Plant Seeds -0.35oz/Pack Double leaf Glossostigma Hemianthus...
Easy to grow, no need of CO2, nor strong light.Temperature should not be too low, Add water daily to keep the temperature in the fish tank at around 28℃(82℉).Each bag can plant 30x30cm tank
Bestseller No. 8
Luffy Moss, Lush Green Landscape in Aquarium, Natural Habitat for Aqua...
BEAUTIFUL MOSS CARPET --- Transform your aquascape into a captivating scene out of the legendary plains of Iceland with these emerald green, lush Luffy moss on a metal carpet mesh sheet measuring 3.5" by 2" (9 cm by 5 cm). This won't fade in water and gives a lifelike rustic look that you and your aquatic pet will surely love.
Bestseller No. 9
Greenpro Micranthemum Micranthemoides Pearlweed Tissue Culture Live...
LIVE AQUARIUM PLANT IN VITRO : Micranthemum Micranthemoides "Pearlweeds" Greenpro grower team using lastest culture technologies to produce unique and premium quality aquatic plants making them perfect for any aquatic pet shrimp, betta fish, crayfish, turtle and terrarium so on.
Bestseller No. 10
T-shin Aquarium Grass Plants Seeds,Aquatic Four-leaved Clover Carpet Water...
Easy to plant & maintain,easy to care for and the seeds grow quickly.

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